Biodiversity underpins all life on Earth. Without species, there would be no air to breathe, no food to eat, no water to drink. · The map of hotspots overlaps. All biodiversity hotspots contain at least one Global Ecoregion. Birdlife International has identified “Endemic Bird Areas” (EBAs) each of which. There are currently 36 recognized biodiversity hotspots. These are Earth's most biologically rich—yet threatened—terrestrial regions. First of all, what is a biodiversity hotspot? You might guess by the name that it's a place on earth where biodiversity is either abundant or threatened. The Andes Mountains Tropical Hotspot is the world's most diverse hotspot. About one-sixth of all plant species in the world live in this region. These amazing biodiversity hotspots of India are home to innumerable unique and fragile species of flora and fauna. Copyright (c) by Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India. All rights reserved. Biodiversity hotspots are defined as areas "[h]aving at least endemic plant species and having lost at least 70 per cent of their original habitat extent". Conservation biology needn't be all gloom, if we concentrate resources on 'hotspots', reports Henry Gee. Hotspots with endemic species are labeled by name and colored For all primate species endemic to hotspots, 77% are threatened, whereas only 28% of.